SAP2000 Releases


Release Date: 25 Jan 2021

SAP2000 v23.0.0 Enhancements


  • Speed improvements made in the recovery of Element Nonlinear Energy by Group and Base Reactions tables for load cases with a large number of output steps.
  • Speed improvements made for nonlinear static, nonlinear multi-step static, and nonlinear direct-integration time-history cases using the advanced or multi-threaded solvers.


Cold-formed frame design added according to Eurocode 3 1-3:2006.
Concrete frame design added according to ACI 318-19.
Concrete frame design for seismic beam/column capacity has been expanded to use enhanced moments.


Auto-seismic loading and response spectrum function added according to Vietnamese Standard TCVN 9386:2012.
Auto-wind loading, according to NBCC 2015, now handles the dynamic procedure for open and rough terrain.
Auto lateral loading has been added per the Korean KDS 41 17 00:2019 code, including seismic load and response-spectrum functions.

Structural Model

Improvements made to hinge acceptance criteria and status output.

Application Programming Interface (API)

Database tables can now be accessed via the API for both editing and display purposes.

Cloud Licensing

Cloud-based licensing is now standard for SAP2000.

  1. Cloud-based server requires no setup
  2. Access licenses outside of company networks and VPNs
  3. Share licenses between users (non-simultaneous)
  4. Check-out a license to work offline
Cloud FAQ
Release Date: 20 Oct 2020

SAP2000 22.2.0 Enhancements


ASCE 41-17 auto hinges available


  • Speed improvements for nonlinear cases with multi-threaded solver
  • Speed improvements in the recovery of analysis results

Improved handling of equilibrium unbalances and additional controls for non-iterative event-to-event analyses


AISI S100-2016 cold formed frame design

Numerous enhancements made for steel-frame design per the Russian code SP 16.13330.2017

Database Tables

Automatic tabular output to multiple files

Release Date: 06 Jun 2020

SAP2000 22.1.0 Enhancements


Nonlinear shell analysis is now possible for metals using von Mises (J2) plasticity in layered shells.


Auto wind loads on area objects can now be distributed to adjoining frames
Russian SP 20.13330.2011 expanded to include dynamic wind loading


  • AA-2015 aluminum design has been added
  • Russian steel frame design has been updated and enhanced to the SP16.13330.2017 code from the 2011 version


Enhancements made to 2D graphics in DirectX now generate clearer views much faster
Recovery of nonlinear static and direct-integration results has been optimized

Application Programming Interface (API)

The API can now start and control instances of SAP2000 on remote computers, including the retrieval of results. This enables distributed processing for running large suites of Performance-based Design histories, extensive parameter studies, and Monte Carlo simulations.


SAP2000 has been enhanced for compatibility with CSiXCAD™, a new plug-in from Computers and Structures, Inc., for the detailing and documenting of steel and concrete structures within AutoCAD® or BricsCAD®. Working with building models that were analyzed and designed in SAP2000, CSiXCAD can automatically create plans, elevations, schedules, and 3-D BIM models. Drawings can be updated to reflect changes to the SAP2000 model and design results, while retaining drafting changes made to the drawings themselves. 

Learn More
Release Date: 15 Jan 2020

SAP2000 22.0.0 Enhancements

Structural Model

Parametrically defined detailed foundations, including soil springs, can now be added to a model


Load cases within a single model can now be run in parallel using multiple machines and combined on a single machine
Release Date: 15 Nov 2019

SAP2000 21.2.0 Enhancements


Analysis errors, warnings, and informational messages are now stored and shown after the analysis completes, as well as accessible via database tables

Results Display & Output

Load combination results are now available on a step-by-step basis for linear load combinations containing one or more stepped load cases
Nonlinear energy component output is now available per group for nonlinear load cases
Release Date: 22 Aug 2019

SAP2000 21.1.0 Enhancements


Analysis can now run multiple load cases in parallel. This is particularly efficient for considering large suites of earthquakes in Performance-Based Design.

Steel Frame Design

Design by Russian code SP 16.13330.2011 has been significantly expanded and enhanced.


Faster display of results from modal time-history load cases, including FNA, for large models with many modes.

External Import/Export

Import of DXF and DWG files now allows multiple drawing layers to be selected for each object type .

Release Date: 19 Feb 2019

SAP2000 21.0.0|21.0.1|21.0.2 Enhancements


DirectX graphics is now the default


Spectral matching of time history functions for a given response spectrum has been implemented

 Auto wind loading has been added according to the Russian SP 20.13330.2011 code


A new nonlinear multi-step static load case type has been added

Advanced applied load options have been added for multi-step static load cases

Frame Design

Concrete frame design for Russian code SP 63.13320.2012 now includes crack-width analysis for concrete beams

Turkish TS 500-2000(R2018), Mexican RCDF 2017, Australian AS 3600-2018 and Korean KBC 2016 concrete frame design have been added

Korean KBC 2016 steel frame design code, including seismic design requirements has been added

External Import/Export

STL file export for 3-D printing now available

Cross-product and versionless API now available

Release Date: 19 Sep 2018

SAP2000 20.2.0 Enhancements


Auto seismic loading and response spectrum function have been added according to the Turkish Seismic Code (TSC-2018)


Dynamic collapse analysis allows an object to be removed during a nonlinear direct integration time history analysis

Frame Design

Steel frame design has been added according to the Chinese 2018 code

Concrete frame design according to IS 456:2000 has been updated for the IS 13920:2016 seismic code

Release Date: 04 May 2018

SAP2000 20.1.0 Enhancements


Auto wind loading, auto-seismic loading, and response spectrum function have been added according to the NTC 2018 code.

The Singapore national annex has been added for auto-seismic loading and response spectrum function


Linear time-history analysis can now be performed in the frequency domain allowing the consideration of frequency-dependent properties, sub-systems, and/or boundary conditions.

Frame Design

Steel frame design has been added according to the NTC 2018 code

Database Tables

Soil pressure results are now available in the database tables

Data Files

New section property libraries have been added for AISC 15 and ASTM A1085

Results Display & Output

Strain results are now available for shell and solid objects

Release Date: 18 Dec 2017

SAP2000 20.0.0 Enhancements


  • Auto-wind loading according to the ASCE 7-16 code and Korean Building Code (KBC 2016) has been added.

  • Auto-seismic loading according to the ASCE 7-16 code, Korean Building Code (KBC 2016) and IS 1893:2016 code has been added.

  • Automated response spectrum functions according to the ASCE 7-16, Korean Building Code (KBC 2016) and IS 1893:2016 codes have been added.


The effect of reinforcing steel on the axial creep and shrinkage behavior of concrete in columns and walls is now included in the time dependent staged-construction analysis.

A pure event-to-event option has been added for nonlinear static analysis.

Frame Design

Steel frame design according to AISC 360-16 has been added.


An option has been added to control the limiting negative stiffness ratio for frame hinges.

Release Date: 13 Dec 2017

SAP2000 19.2.0|19.2.1|19.2.2 Enhancements


Link Properties

New link property for high-damping rubber isolator bearings.


Guide Structure operation for locating added members during staged construction analysis.

Automated wind loading per the Indian code IS:875 (Part 3) 2015


Displacement Control

Nonlinear static load cases now allow multiple controlled displacements for better convergence behavior.

Modal Damping

Additional modal damping in linear and nonlinear direct integration time history load cases.

Results Display & Output

New tabular output of frame design forces for design load combinations

Displacement contours plots displayed on faces of solid elements

Release Date: 10 May 2017

SAP2000 19.1.0|19.1.1 Enhancements

Graphical User Interface


DirectX graphics has been enhanced for quality and speed.



On-screen measuring tools available for measuring length, area, and angles.


Moment & Shear Releases

Moment and shear releases can now be assigned to the edges of shell-type area objects.

Time-dependent material behavior now available per Eurocode 2-2004, AS 3600-2009, NZS 3101-2006, JTG D62-2004 codes and the GL2000 model. This includes creep and shrinkage strain as well as age-dependent stiffness.

Vietnamese Material Libraries

Vietnamese concrete and rebar material libraries now available.

Frame Design

Steel Frame Design

Steel frame design per the API RP 2A-WSD 22nd Edition code has been implemented.


Convergence behavior of the friction-pendulum and triple-pendulum isolator link elements has been enhanced.

Results Display & Output

Time-History Load Cases

Velocity and acceleration response for time-history load cases can now be plotted.

Release Date: 18 Nov 2016

SAP2000 19.0.0 Enhancements

Graphical User Interface

Several edit menu forms enhanced to allow them to remain open for repetitive use with an apply button.


Hysteresis Models

New and enhanced hysteresis models for nonlinear materials, hinges and links have been added.

ASCE 41-13 Guidelines

Updated frame hinge definitions follow ASCE 41-13 guidelines. Performance point calculations for pushover curves updated to ASCE 41-13 as well.

PMM Hinge

Parametric P-M2-M3 frame hinge implemented for use with performance-based design and other nonlinear analyses.


NBCC 2015

NBCC 2015 automated wind load, seismic load and response spectrum function added.


Energy Plots

Step-by-step energy plots available for nonlinear direct-integration time-history load cases and for nonlinear static/staged-construction load cases.

Model frame nonlinear hinges as links, allowing for use of nonlinear modal time-history analysis (FNA) for faster analysis.

Size of the saved analysis results files is reduced for multi-step nonlinear static and nonlinear direct-integration time-history load cases.

Section Designer

Import Geometry

Import geometry from a DXF file into Section Designer.

Release Date: 19 Aug 2016

SAP2000 18.2.0 Enhancements

Graphical User Interface

  • New display allows displaying all loads, within a single load pattern, on all object types, in a single display.

Uniform, distributed and temperature loadings displayed.


  • Modeling settings can be saved and later used when starting a new model.

Save material properties, frame sections, load patterns, design preferences and other definitions to use in a new model.

  • New Property Modifier assignment for link objects.

Specify a scale factor multiplying the stiffness, damping or force/moment response of an object.

  • Solid rectangular and circluar steel shapes available as new frame section properties.

  • Russian material property library enhanced.

Russian material property library now better integrates with the Russian frame design implementation.


  • Russian response spectrum function added.

Response spectrum added according to SP 14.13330.2014.


Direct-integration time-history frame hinge results.

  • Event-to-event solution strategy implemented as an option for nonlinear direct-integration time-history load cases.
  • Increase in the speed of nonlinear static and direct-integration time-history analyses.
  • Enhancements to the force equilibrium and deformation compatibility between frame hinges and their parent frame elements.

International Frame Design Codes

  • Overwrite section classification to a higher class for Eurocode 3-2005 and Italian NTC steel frame design.

Overwrite values of Iw, NcrT and NcrTF on a member-by-member basis.

Data Files

  • New property library "" has been added.

This includes a collection of common steel shapes used in Nordic countries.

Release Date: 02 Mar 2016

SAP2000 18.1.0 | 18.1.1 Enhancements

Graphical User Interface

  • Loads can graphically be displayed on a model for each stage of a staged construction load case.

  • All load types in a load case can be graphically displayed in a single view.

  • Some display menu forms enhanced, allowing them to remain open for repetitive use with a new apply button.


  • New Zealand material property library added.


  • Chinese auto wind loading updated to GB 50009-2012.


  • New operation added for staged-construction load cases to allow changing link properties.
  • Event-to-event solution strategy implemented as an option for nonlinear direct-integration time-history analysis.

International Frame Design Codes

  • Russian SP 63.13330.2012 concrete frame design code added.

Enhanced Application Programming Interface (API)

  • API function added to allow setting of the ‘Automatically Generate Code-Based Design Load Combinations’ option.
  • API functions added to allow working with the NTC 2008 response spectrum function, auto seismic load pattern, and auto wind load pattern.
Release Date: 30 Oct 2015

SAP2000 18.0.0 | 18.0.1 Enhancements

Graphical User Interface

  • Assign and select menu forms have been enhanced to allow them to remain open for repetitive use with a new apply button.

Floating forms for multiple use

  • DirectX graphics mode has been enhanced to use DirectX 11 for enhanced speed and capabilities.
  • 64-bit version of the graphical user interface (GUI) now available.


  • New 2-D modified Darwin-Pecknold concrete model has been added to the nonlinear layered shell. This model represents concrete compression, cracking, and shear behavior under both monotonic and cyclic loading, and accounts for crack rotation.

Layered shell definitions

  • Semi-rigid option added for diaphragm constraint.

Diaphragm constraint definition

  • Modify undeformed geometry feature enhanced to allow applying the modification to a selection of joints, as well as limiting direction of modification.

Modify undeformed geometry settings


  • Ability to specify accidental eccentricity for response spectrum cases added.

Response spectrum case with diaphragm eccentricities

  • Automated response spectrum functions according to the Costa Rica Seismic Code 2010, Ecuador (NEC-SE-DS 2015), Korean KBC 2009, Mexico (CFE-93 and CFE-2008), and Peru (NTE E.030 2014) codes added.
  • Auto-seismic loading according to Korean Building Code (KBC 2009) added
  • Auto-seismic loading according to the Dominican Republic (R-001) code added


  • A new stability check has been added for nonlinear static load cases to report when the structure may have failed under material or geometric nonlinearities that are not obvious from the analysis results.
  • The handling of convergence tolerances for time-dependent behavior during staged-construction analysis has been improved to better enforce equilibrium after large load increments.

International Frame Design Codes

  • Concrete Frame Design - ACI 318-08, -11, -14 enhancement allows specifying Design System Rho (ρ) and Design System SDS factors in the concrete frame design preferences.
  • Steel Frame Design - Eurocode 3-2005 enhancement to perform a basic torsion design for I- and tubular sections.
  • Steel & Concrete Frame Design - Korean Building Code (KBC 2009) code added
  • Steel Frame Design - Russian SP 16.13330.2011 code added
  • The default design load combinations have been enhanced for ACI 318-08, -11, -14 to include roof live load patterns.
  • The default design load combinations have been enhanced for CSA A23.3-04, CSA A23.3-14, CSA S16-09, and CSA S16-14 to include companion loads.

Output and Display

  • Contour plots are now available for frame deflections and axial stresses.

Color displacment contours

  • The center of mass is now reported in the Assembled Joint Masses table for each mass source.

Center of mass output

External Import/Export

  • The export to Revit Structure has been enhanced to export steel sections parametrically such that Revit can import the section dimensions if it cannot match the section name.

SAP2000 model exported to Revit

Release Date: 06 Jul 2015

SAP2000 17.3.0 Enhancements


  • Pipes and plates templates have been added to the template library.

Pipes and plates templates

  • Time dependent creep and shrinkage curves for CEB FIP-2010, ACI 209R-92, and user-defined.

Creep and Shrinkage curves

Release Date: 20 May 2015

SAP2000 17.2.0 Enhancements


  • Section designer now allows prestress tendons to be defined for any concrete sections.

Concrete section with prestress tendons.

  • Import/export between SAP2000 and Revit Structure has been enhanced to handle round-tripping.

Revit Structure model from SAP2000.


  • A new seastate load pattern has been added to allow the definition of pitch, roll, and yaw scenarios.

Pitch, roll, yaw load definition.

  • Automated response spectrum functions have been added for Caribbean countries.

Dominican Republic response spectrum definition.

New International Frame Design Codes

  • Concrete Frame Design Codes
    • ACI 318-14
    • CSA A23.3-14
  • Steel Frame Design Codes
    • CSA S16-14
    • Ireland national annex for Eurocode 2 and Eurocode 3
    • Eurocode 8-2004 Norway National Annex, EN 1998-1:2004 NA:2014X

ACI 318-14 concrete frame design longitudinal reinforcing results.

Release Date: 01 Oct 2014

SAP2000 17.1.0 and 17.1.1 Enhancements

The following Enhancements have been implemented for SAP2000 v17.1.0  and 17.1.1:

  • The window refresh speed for Classical Plus graphics has been improved.
  • The speed of analysis has been increased.
  • Steel frame design according to IS 800:2007 has been updated to include Amendment #1.
  • Other minor enhancements.
Release Date: 06 Aug 2014

SAP2000 17 Enhancements

The following Enhancements have been implemented for SAP2000 v17.0.0:

  • The responsiveness of the user interface has been improved.
  • The DirectX graphics functionality has been enhanced.
  • Improved convergence behavior and increased speed for nonlinear static and direct-integration time-history analysis
  • Steel Detailing Neutral File (SDNF) version 3 file import is now supported.
  • Print preview is now available when printing images, design output, etc.
  • Other minor enhancements.
Release Date: 22 May 2014

SAP2000 16.1.0 and V16.1.1 Enhancements

Significant enhancements include:

  • Steel frame design has been added according to the Norsok N-004 2013 code.
  • Steel frame design according to the API RP 2A-WSD 21st edition code has been updated for supplements 1, 2 and 3.
  • Auto lateral wind load has been added according to the API 4F 2013 code.
  • The Chinese section-property database files have been enhanced by adding new sections.
  • A bilinear Maxwell damper has been implemented as a new link property. This device is a linear spring in series with a dashpot whose force-velocity relationship exhibits bilinear viscous behavior, typical of certain oil dampers having a relief valve.
  • A friction-spring hysteretic damper has been implemented as a new link property. The force-displacement relationship exhibits linear slipping stiffness when loading, but unloads with a smaller slipping stiffness. A pre-compression displacement and a displacement stop-limit may be specified.
  • The specification of the notional size used for time-dependent creep and shrinkage analysis has been enhanced to now be specified with the frame and shell section properties instead of with the material property.
  • A new staged-construction operation “Change Section & Age” is now available allowing specification of the “Age at Add” when changing frame sections or shell sections.
  • Table output can now request the correspondence between the response components at a single location for additive-, range-, and enveloping-type load combinations. Results that admit correspondence includes most displacement, force, and stress response quantities.
  • The import of primary data from SACS data files is now available.
Release Date: 12 Sep 2013

SAP2000 16.0.0| 16.0.1| 16.0.2 Enhancements

SAP2000 V16.0.0, V16.0.1 and V16.0.2 Enhancements

Significant enhancements include:

  • Improved graphics performance
  • Display of multiple grid systems at the same time
  • New steel frame design code AISC 360-10
  • New steel frame design code NTC 2008
  • New concrete frame design code ACI 318-11
  • New concrete frame design code NTC 2008
  • New concrete frame design code NZS 3101-06
  • New concrete frame design code RCDF 2004
  • New concrete frame design code Hong Kong CP 2013
  • Enhanced beam-column capacity check for concrete frame design using Eurocode 2-2004
  • Stiffness modifiers from the AISC 360 steel frame design direct analysis method are now available in the database table for assigned frame property modifiers
  • New wind, seismic, and response-spectrum lateral loads for code IBC 2012
  • New wind lateral loads for code AS/NZS 1170.2-2011
  • New wind, seismic, and response-spectrum lateral loads for code NTC 2008
  • New wind, seismic, and response-spectrum lateral loads for codes TSC 2007 and TS 498-97
  • New response-spectrum lateral loads code AASHTO 2012
  • New assignment to control area loads transferred to frames
  • New hybrid U-girder frame section property
  • New built-in ASTM bridge steel materials
  • Chinese concrete material and design updated to use characteristic strength rather than grade
  • New link property for modeling triple-pendulum bearings
  • External tendons can now be modeled under user control
  • Plotting of tendon loads, losses, and axial-force response has been enhanced
  • Ground displacement loading now applies to single-joint links, including distributed spring supports, as well as to springs and restraints
  • Multiple mass sources can be defined for modeling alternative dynamic behavior
  • The undeformed shape can now be viewed for various stages of staged construction load case without running the analysis
  • Response output for staged-construction load cases now is labeled with the stage and step within the stage
  • Shear stress, von Mises stress, and principal stress response is now available for certain frame sections
  • Shell stresses can now be displayed normalized by material strength
  • Bearing pressure on shells from area springs can now be displayed
  • Display of frame-design D/C ratios can be limited by a specified threshold value
  • Verification suites are now provided for steel and concrete frame design by most codes
  • New Open API functions to define section-cuts
  • New Open API functions to define external load cases for frame results
  • New Open API functions to get detailed steel frame design results for certain codes
  • Customizable keyboard shortcuts for menu commands
  • Support for the import and export of files using the IFC 4 format
  • Licensing will now support web-activation and virtual servers
  • Simplified installation using the CSI Installation Wizard
  • Other minor enhancements
Release Date: 07 Feb 2013

SAP2000 15.2.0| 15.2.1 Enhancements

  • The memory capacity has been increased for the graphical user interface, allowing larger models to be handled.  
  • The analysis of certain non‐symmetrical frame sections now accounts for coupled bending due to the product of inertia, I23, and for the coupling between major shear (V2) and torsion when the shear center is not located at the centroid of the section. Steel frame design and cold‐formed frame design are not affected except as may due to changes in analysis results. Steel frame design was already accounting for the rotated principal axes of bending for angle sections as documented for the various codes.  
  • The number of time steps that can be run in a single linear or nonlinear (FNA) modal time‐history load case has been increased for cases with a large number of link elements.  
  • Italian material property definitions have been added.
  • Steel frame design using the "AS4100‐1998" and "NZS 3404‐1997" codes have been enhanced to provide more design details.  
  • Mass participation ratios for the rotational acceleration loads (RX, RY,and RZ) have been changed so that they are now reported with respect to the centroid of the structure. Previously they were reported with respect to the global origin.  
  • The import of StruCAD*3D models has been enhanced to allow the import of the Cb, Cm, and unbraced‐length design overwrites.
Release Date: 31 Oct 2011

SAP2000 15.1.0/1 Enhancements

  • Chinese design has been updated to the 2010 specifications for seismic load patterns, response-spectrum functions, load combinations, concrete frame design, and the seismic provisions for steel frame design. These enhancements are consistent with the following specifications: “GB50011-2010 Code for seismic design of buildings”, “GB 50010-2010 Code for design of concrete structures”, and “JGJ 3-2010 Technical specification for concrete structures of tall building”.
  • Concrete frame design has been added according to Turkish standard "TS 500-2000", including Seismic Design Code 2007.
  • The National Annex for Poland has been implemented for concrete frame design using “Eurocode 2-2004”.
  • The National Annex for Poland has been implemented for concrete frame design using “Eurocode 3-2005”.
  • The definition of material properties has been enhanced to allow user-defined standard materials through the use of XML files. Properties are segregated by region and by code-standard within these files as well as when using the materials in the graphical user interface. New materials have been added for China and Spain.
  • Steel frame section properties for the AISC Shapes Database Version 14.0 are now available in the section-property database files for U.S Customary and metric units.
  • Data transfer between SAP2000 v15.1.0 and Revit Structure 2012 is now supported using the same .EXR file format that is used to transfer data between ETABS and Revit Structure.
Release Date: 11 Aug 2011

SAP2000 15.0.1 Enhancements

  • User-defined stress points may now be specified for Section Designer frame sections.
  • The OAPI (Open Application Programming Interface) has been changed so that multiple instances of SAP2000 can now be started from an external program or script.
  • New functionality has been added to the Open API (Open Application Programing Interface) for the design codes.
Release Date: 16 Jun 2011

SAP2000 15 Enhancements

  • New graphical user interface with tabbed windows.
  • New DirectX graphics.
  • Display and output of frame stresses.
  • Load optimization feature to determine the optimal loading scale factors to achieve goals and limits on displacement and force response throughout the structure.
  • Built-in European concrete and steel material properties.
  • Canadian NBCC loading for wind, seismic, and response-spectrum.
  • American ASCE-7 loading for wind, seismic, and response-spectrum.
  • Italian NTC 2008 response-spectrum functions with geographic database.
  • Indian steel frame design code IS 800 2008.
  • New Zealand steel frame design code NZS 3404-1997.
  • Canadian steel frame design code CSA S16-2009.
  • Updated Hong Kong concrete frame design code to include Supplement 1.
  • Australian concrete frame design code AS3600-2009.
  • Enhanced Eurocode 3-2005 steel frame design, including design for Class 4 sections.
  • National annexes for Eurocode 2-2004 concrete frame design for Singapore, Germany, and Portugal.
  • National annexes for Eurocode 3-2005 steel frame design for Singapore, Germany, and Portugal.
  • Hybrid steel frame section property.
  • Simple arc for tendon profile definition.
  • Updated API functionality.
  • Import of StruCAD*3D design parameters and wave acceleration loading.
  • Note that the Bridge module has been moved to the CSiBridge product with expanded features and capabilities. Basic moving-load analysis has been retained for non-bridge applications.
  • Other minor enhancements.
Release Date: 20 Dec 2010

SAP2000 14.2.4 Enhancements

Significant new features

  • Concrete frame design has been enhanced to improve the smoothing of P-M-M interaction surfaces in those rare cases where they become non-convex due to kinks in the P-M curves.
  • A new design overwrite has been added for steel frame design using the "Eurocode 3-2005" code. You may now use the "Is Rolled Section" parameter to indicate whether the member is rolled or welded. The assignment as rolled or welded affects the b/t ratio and therefore may affect the section classification. It may also affect the shear-area calculation.
  • The limit on the number of nodes (joints) allowed for exporting a model to a SASSI file has been increased from 9999 to 99999. The exported files are still compatible with the older format if fewer than 10000 nodes are exported.
Release Date: 08 Oct 2010

SAP2000 14.2.3 Enhancements

Significant new features

  • The program level (Advanced, Plus, Basic) can now be chosen when starting the program using a command-line option.
  • New Quick Materials have been added for common Indian steel, concrete, and rebar material properties.
  • The length effects for the uniform loads of the British standard HA vehicle (BD-3701) have been updated to the latest edition of the code.
  • Modal time-history analysis for dynamic bridge loading now runs considerably faster.
  • Multiple enhancements have been made for concrete frame design using Indian code IS 456-2000 for handling slenderness and P-delta effects.
  • Eurocode 3-2005 steel frame design has been enhanced to provide more detailed reporting.
  • The export to CIS/2 has been enhanced so that the resulting data files can be read by SDS/2, and now includes all frame offsets.
Release Date: 30 Jul 2010

SAP2000 14.2.2 Enhancements

Significant new features

  • Steel-frame design has been implemented for the Australian design code "AS 4100-1998".
  • The National Annex parameters for Sweden, Finland, and Denmark have been added for concrete frame design per code "Eurocode 2-2004" and for steel frame design per "Eurocode 3-2005". 
  • The sign of all results for hyperstatic load cases has been reversed at the request of several users.
  • The installation has been changed so that it is no longer necessary for users to use the command "Run As Administrator" the first time they execute SAP2000 after updating to a new version of the program if they uninstall the previous version first.
Release Date: 22 Mar 2010

SAP2000 14.2.0 Enhancements

Significant New Features

  • The CQC3 method of directional combination has been added as an option for response-spectrum load cases.
  • Concrete frame design using code "ACI 318-08" has been implemented.
  • Eurocode 8 seismic provisions have been implemented for concrete frame design using code “Eurocode 2-2004”. • Eurocode 8 seismic provisions have been implemented for steel frame design using code “Eurocode 3-2005”.
  • The Singapore National Annex to Eurocode 2 (NA to SS EN 1992-1-1 : 2008) has been implemented for concrete frame design using “Eurocode 2-2004”.
  • Snow loads are now included in the automatic load combinations that are created for concrete design using codes "ACI318-02/IBC2003" and "ACI318-05/IBC2006". The documentation has been updated accordingly.
  • The design load combinations created by the program for steel frame design code "CAN/CSA-S16-01" now include notional loads, if any have been defined.
  • The shear design for “Eurocode 2 2004” has been enhanced to optimized for angle “theta” in Section 6.2.3 of the code.
  • The identification of lateral load cases (seismic or wind) has been improved for nonlinear cases which may contain these loads. This affects the increase in allowables for some design codes.
  • The design preferences for concrete, steel, cold-formed steel, and aluminum design have been enhanced to provide more control for the creation of internal design load combinations involving nonlinear and staged-construction static load cases.
  • User-defined frame hinges can now be assigned to any frame section or any material. Previously, hinges could only be assigned to certain known section types, such as rectangular and circular concrete sections; steel pipes, tubes, and wide-flange sections; and Section-Designer sections.
  • Displayed plot functions have been enhanced by adding the ability to plot forces for section cuts that have been defined using quadrilateral cutting planes. Previously only forces for sections cuts defined from groups could be displayed as plot functions.
  • When displaying mode shapes graphically, the modal frequency is now displayed as well as the modal period.
  • Improvements have been made to nonlinear direct-integration time history analysis to improve its speed and convergence.
  • Three new options are now available for dividing frame objects using the command Edit > Edit Line > Divide Frames. They are (1) Divide at a specified distance from the I-end of the frame, (2) Divide at the intersection with a coordinate plane in the current coordinate system, and (3) Divide at the intersection with visible grid planes in the current coordinate system.
  • An enhancement has been made to the graphical user interface so that the view no longer zooms out after certain operations, such as showing selection only, performing editing operations like deletion, and returning from the Bridge Modeler.
  • The import and export of IFC files has been updated to include Schema 2x2, 2x3, and 2x3_TC1, including the import/export of sections properties.
  • The ability to export physical objects to IGES files has been added. Previously all objects were exported as FEM entities. Now you can choose either option. If you export as FEM, loads and properties are also exported. If you export as physical objects, only geometrical line and surface entities will be created, but properties and loads will not be exported.
  • A new option to export a Perform3D Structure has been added. Most geometry, material and section properties, restraints, diaphragm constraints, groups, loads, and load cases are exported for frame and shell elements. Corresponding Perform3D members are created depending on the properties and assignments present on the individual SAP2000 members. Detailed hinge properties and other Perform3D-specific features must be defined in Perform3D.
  • The Open API function that hides the GUI now also turns off the drawing functions for increased execution speed.
Release Date: 29 Jul 2009

SAP2000 14.1.0 Enhancements

Significant New Features

  • The capability to export a slab model to SAFE V12 has been implemented. This will be supported by SAFE V12.2 when it is released.
  • Detailed design checking has been implemented for multi-cell prestressed-concrete box-girder bridge superstructures according to the “AASHTO LRFD 2007” code using Live-Load Distribution Factors. This is in addition to the whole-section design previously released. Design checks are available for stress, flexural capacity, and shear capacity using MCFT (modified compression field theory).
  • Concrete frame design has been implemented using the AASHTO LRFD 2007” code.
  • Significant speed improvements have been made to the generation of AASHTO/Caltrans frame hinges for pushover analysis.
  • General improvements have been made to the automated bridge seismic design feature.
  • The concrete U-girder frame section can now also be used to model steel tubs in the Bridge Modeler. Each section can be supported by a single bearing at the center, or two bearings at the edges of the girder.
  • The modeling of steel-girder diaphragms for steel girder bridges has been improved to provide better support for the lower flange.
  • Automated wind lateral loading for Australia and New Zealand has been implemented according to the 2002 AS/NZS 1170.2 code.
  • The Norwegian national parameters have been implemented for auto seismic loading according to the “Eurocode 8” code.
  • The API 4F automated wind load has been enhanced to include a shielding factor.
  • Steel frame design for the “NORSOK N-004” code, including punching checks, has been added to the Offshore module. The design of non-tubular sections is in accordance with Eurocode 3-2005 with the Norwegian National Annex.
  • The Norwegian national parameters have been implemented for concrete frame design using the “Eurocode 2-2004” code and steel frame design using the “Eurocode 3-2005” code.
  • The 3-D rotation command in the graphical user interface has been improved for working in zoomed-in regions.
Release Date: 05 May 2009

SAP2000 14.0.0 Enhancements

Computers & Structures, Inc. is proud to announce the release of SAP2000 V14. The innovative enhancements in this version are categorized below. This fully integrated product for the modeling, analysis and design of structures continues to be available in three levels: Basic, Plus and Advanced.

Please contact for more information.

Nonlinear and Pushover

  • A nonlinear, layered shell element using a directional material model has been added for pushover analysis of shear-wall structures and similar applications. A Quick-Start option is provided for easy modeling of reinforced concrete sections. Show me Nonlinear Shearwall capabilities
  • Plot functions have been added for shell layer stresses.
  • Frame hinges for Section Designer sections “To be Designed” have been enhanced to use the designed amount of rebar when available.
  • Section Designer has been enhanced for the display of fiber-model PMM surface.
  • The default material properties for concrete have been modified to improve convergence behavior.
  • The tangent stiffness used for the iteration of fiber hinges and multi-linear links has been changed to improve convergence.


  • Material-based damping is now available for linear and nonlinear direct-integration time-history analysis.
  • Material-based damping is now available for steady-state and PSD analysis.
  • Stiffness-proportional damping now uses initial stiffness instead of tangent stiffness to improve the consistency of results and convergence behavior.
  • The rigid-response calculation in response-spectrum analysis has been enhanced for NRC and general use.
  • Base reactions for response-spectrum and modal time-history analysis have been improved for springs and grounded link supports to better capture missing-mass effects.
  • Base reactions no longer include constraint forces at restraints, for consistency. 

Bridge Modeling and Design 

  • AASHTO LRFD 2007 superstructure design for precast concrete composite sections has been implemented. Checks include: stress, flexure, and shear (using MCFT). Show me how Automated Seismic Design of Bridges works
  • Fully automated bridge design check per AASHTO Guide Specifications for LRFD Seismic Bridge Design 2009 has been implemented, including pushover analysis when required.
  • Automated handling of secondary prestress force has been implemented for the AASHTO LRFD 2007 superstructure flexural design check for prestressed concrete box girder sections.
  • The AASTHO/USGS 2007 response-spectrum function has been added.
  • Variable girder spacing along the length of the bridge superstructure is now available.
  • Variable reference-point location along the length of the bridge superstructure is now available.
  • Alignment of shell local axes in generated bridge models has been enhanced.
  • The longitudinal discretization of bridge models is now more uniform in complex models.
  • Tendons modeled as elements now allow elastic, creep, shrinkage, and steel-relaxation losses to be directly specified.
  • The displacements for constrained joints in staged construction are no longer updated for deflection until they are actually added to the model. 

New Design Code Related Enhancements

  • Eurocode-2 2004 concrete frame design added, without seismic provisions.
  • Eurocode-3 2005 steel frame design added, without seismic provisions.
  • Australian concrete frame design per code AS 3600-2001 added, including seismic provisions.
  • Multiple enhancements made for Indian concrete frame design per code IS 456-2000.
  • Multiple enhancements made for Chinese 2002 concrete frame design.
  • Multiple enhancements made for Chinese 2002 steel frame design.
  • Auto-lateral loads added for Eurocode: Wind, Seismic, and Response-spectrum.
  • Auto-lateral loads added for Australia: Seismic and Response-spectrum.
  • Auto-lateral loads added for New Zealand: Seismic and Response-spectrum.
  • Other Enhancements to the Graphical User Interface (GUI) Multiple enhancements have been made to the graphical display for clarity and speed.
  • Multi-stepped static analysis of Bridge Live loads acting on frame elements is now available in Plus/Advanced levels without the Bridge license for modeling crane loads, footfall, etc.
  • Single-stage construction cases starting from zero are now available in Plus/Advanced levels without the Staged-construction license for modeling separate gravity and lateral configurations, different support conditions, etc.
  • The import of StruCAD*3D data files is now available.
  • New and updated API functions have been implemented.


  • To be able to take advantage of the features of the newer CPU's, SAP2000 V14 will not run on some of the older CPU's from Intel and AMD. A CPU that has SSE2 support is now required
  • SAPfire® Analytical Engine now includes a multi-threaded solver that can take advantage of the newer multi-core CPUs.
  • Support for Microsoft® Windows 2000 and Microsoft® Windows NT has been discontinued. Microsoft® Windows XP without Service Pack 2 may cause unexpected problems when running SAP2000 V14.
  • With a 64 bit operating system, SAPfire® Analytical Engine can utilize more than 4 GB of RAM, making it possible to more efficiently solve larger problems.
  • The problem size that can be solved & the solution speed increases considerably with more RAM. Vista requires more RAM than XP for the operating system itself.
  • OpenGL graphics mode fully utilizes the hardware acceleration provided by a GPU & dedicated graphics RAM.